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sinds 9 januari 2005

18-04-2017 The Future of Phylogenetic Systematics����3��6�ϡ�

��[]��The Future of Phylogenetic Systematics: The Legacy of Willi Hennig�١���3��6�ϡ�

David M. Williams, Michael Schmitt, and Quentin D. Wheeler (eds.)

��2016ǯ6���, Cambridge University Press��The Systematics Association Special Volume Series: 86��, Cambridge, xvi+488 pp., US$155.00 / ��99.99, ISBN:9781107117648 [hbk] �� �ܼ����Ǹ��ڡ��� ��

���ޤ��� �ȶ᤹���ơ� �����ä��軰��Ū���ɤ��ʤ��ܤ����롥������ʸ���⼫ʬ���Ȥ����Ƥ��Ƥ����Ȥ������� �ȶ᤹������ ���ȤϳΤ����������Ǥ⡤���Ǥ����⤦��ǯ���ФȤ��Ȥ��Ƥ����ΤǤ���������ɾ�ܤȤ��Ƽ����夲�Ƥ⤤������������2�ϤޤǤξҲ��Ϥ��Ǥ˽񤤤��Τǡʢ�2016ǯ8��11���ˤ���³������

Ole Seberg������3�ϡ�Willi Hennig's legacy in the Nordic countries�ס�pp. 31-69�ˤ��̲��������ʥǥ��ޡ������Υ륦���������������ǥ��ˤˤ�����ʬ���ؤ����ˤ򤿤ɤ롥20�����ʤ��Ф�����Ⱦ�ˤ����ơ������ϰ���ʬ���ؼԤ�����Lars Brundin, Niels Kristensen, Ole Seberg, Søren Løvtrup, Ole Sæther ���ˤγ������ܳФޤ����ä��������������ߴط��ȸ����ԥ��ߥ��˥ƥ���ư�������路���Ҥ٤����Ƥ��롥³�� Pascal Tassy ����4�ϡ�Hennigian systematics in France, a historical approach with a glimpse of sociology�ס�pp. 70-87�ˤϥե��󥹹����λ������ܤ������롥�ե��󥹤Ǥϥѥ�����ʬ���ؤ��Ф��ƴؿ��������������ä��Ȼ�Ŧ�����Ƥ��롥������ͳ�ΤҤȤĤ�ʩ�����ǤϱѸ����ۤɶ����ʥ����饯���������ʤ��ä���������������

��Debates about process and pattern in systematics were more gentlemanly in France than in the United States and in the United Kingdom. It is probably because French cladists were not such strong characters as Colin Patterson, Gareth Nelson and Steve Farris.�ס�p. 81��

Tassy �Ϥ�����³���ơ��ե��󥹤ˤ������ѥ�����ʬ���ؤμ��פˤĤ��Ƥ����������롧

��This statement does not mean that process cladists had accepted pattern approaches. ... [O]n a more general level, the underrating of the independence of pattern cladistics and the weight put on pragmatism when using parsimony analyses, are probably what characterises the rise pf cladistics in France.�ס�p. 81��

Ʊ��ʬ�����ɤȤ��äƤ����ˤ��äơʤ������󸦵��Ԥˤ��äƤ��˸����Τ������� �Ȳ��ٺ��� �����뤳�Ȥ��狼�롥

���� Andrew V. Z. Brower ����5�ϡ�Are we all cladists?�ס�pp. 88-114�ˤϡ������������ᤰ���º����ȷи�������Ω�������롥Brower �� Hennig �ζ�ͭ���������ˤ������������Ϸи�����empiricism�ˤΥ����󥹤�Ω�äƤ��ơ��º�����Ϳ�������ǥ��١������������ȤϺ���Ū�ˤ������������������ȸ��������Τ����ǡ�������ʬ���ؼԤ����֤����� ������������ �ʤ󤫤˻��֤����Ϥ����פ��Ƥ��������ǤϤʤ������ä��礭�� ��Ũ�� ����ֵ���٤��Ȥ��ǤϤʤ������������Ф���

��A final observation is that, sadly, those who actually are cladists seem to spend more times disagreeing among ourselves than we do combatting the more pressing issue of the metastasis of evolutionary taxonomy in the form of ML, Baysian phylogenetics and phylogenomics that is currently overwhelming twenty-first-century systematics. Perhaps the philosophical gulf between ��us�� and ��them�� is so vast that it seems futile to try to engage the modelers: even the most potent rhetoric is wasted on someone who does not understand or is not willing to listen to what you are saying. ... If cladists want to preserve Willi Hennig��s legacy and to ensure that systematics survives as a coherent and intelligible empirical discipline, we need to work together to present a united front against these assaults on reasen, and to not grind our axes to the point where they no longer have the mass to do their work.�ס�pp. 108-109��

Michael Schmitt ����6�ϡ�How much of Hennig is in present-day cladistics?�ס�pp. 115-127�ˤ� Willi Hennig ���Ȥη����ηϳؤȸ��ߤ�ʬ���ؤȤγ�ǰ�������ξ��Ǥ������Ⱥ��ۡ� �����ط���ñ���������������֡�����������Ʊ�������衦����ʪ���ʤ� ���ˤĤ��������Ƥ��롥Schmitt �ΰ���ɽ��Table 6.1, p. 124�ˤ򸫤��ȡ��������֤���������polarity�ˤȷ�����–ʬ���ޤζ��̤����Ǹ����κ������������Ȥ��狼�롥